Yang Zhaoyu quit his job in a big Chinese city nine months ago and moved to a small community that preaches sustainable living and mindful consumption. A recent poll of people aged 18-35 by a state think-tank found 52% of those living in smaller towns and cities had moved there after spending on average three years in top-tier cities, citing the fast pace of life.
"After graduating from college, I lived a very mainstream life," the 30-year-old former software developer said. "I dated, got married, and found a job." But Yang realized he wanted something different, so he ditched his career in Suzhou, west of Shanghai, and found a new life in an isolated community centered around sustainability and organic farming.
China's teeming megacities have drawn hundreds of millions of people from rural villages and small towns in search of jobs and wealth, but people like Yang are part of an emerging trend in the opposite direction.
Known as AnotherCommunity, Yang's new home is an hour's drive outside of Fuzhou city in Fujian province, at a village called Guanzhong. It was set up by Tang Guanhua, 30, and his wife, Xing Zhen, 35, in late 2015. After a year at AnotherCommunity, residents can vote to have a say in its affairs and use shared funds and resources. There are currently five permanent members.
It is now opening to the public for a four-month trial. Since mid-October, over 20 potential residents - from former computer programmers to online English teachers and freelance videographers - have signed up to join the community. Freelance videographer Chen Yan said she originally planned to stay only a week when she came in October, but ended up staying a month.
"I lived in a room that ... was half open and remained connected to the outside world, to the mountain," the 24-year-old said. "I stayed longer because I wanted to continue to feel that fullness, that richness."
The community also serves as a safe space for 63-year-old transgender woman Liu Peilin, who has known Tang for several years. In 2018, the community had to destroy much of what they had built due to pressure from the local government, though in recent months they have been left alone.
"Whatever they do, I just hope they make something of it," said the village's Communist Party chief, surnamed Lin. Chinese media is full of stories about people seeking alternative lifestyles in the countryside.
A newspaper reported in 2018 that a young woman had moved into the Zhongnan Mountains in Shanxi province seeking a hermit life. Her story went viral on social media after she was forcibly evicted.Those mountains have since attracted young people from all over China.
At one point, the community had over 600 residents, many former city dwellers, according to media reports. The regional government, irked by what they saw as an incursion, tore down the illegal structures.