The president of France Emmanuel Macron and also the German Chancellor Angela Merkel will be helping to launch a global initiative for accelerating the work on drugs, tests, vaccines against the deadly coronavirus or COVID-19 and share them around the globe on Friday, the WHO mentioned.

The UN organisation stated on Thursday that it will announce the landmark collaboration on Friday to speed up the development of safe, effective drugs, tests and vaccines, diagnose and treat the deadly novel virus.

WHO spokeswoman Fadela Chaib told a UN briefing on Friday that Macron and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen would take part in the 1300 GMT announcement, led by WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. British foreign minister Dominic Raab and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres are also to take part, diplomatic sources told Reuters.

More than 2.7 million people have been infected with the disease

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"Today is a kind of political commitment from all these partners to make sure that when we have all these new tools no one is left behind, that those who can afford vaccines or therapeutics can buy them and (put) them at the disposal of the population," Chaib said. "It is very important to make sure that you have equitable access to quality, efficient, new tools for COVID-19," she said.

More than 2.7 million people have been infected with the disease, which has claimed nearly 190,000 lives since emerging in the central Chinese city of Wuhan late last year, according to a Reuters tally. More than 100 potential COVID-19 vaccines are being developed, including six already in clinical trials, said Dr Seth Berkley, CEO of the GAVI vaccine alliance, a public-private partnership that leads immunisation campaigns in poor countries.

"We need to ensure that there are enough vaccines for everyone, we are going to need global leadership to identify and prioritise vaccine candidates," he told a separate Geneva news briefing before taking part in the formal WHO announcement. Global manufacturing capacity must be ramped up ahead of choosing "a winner" vaccine, Berkley said, noting that GAVI and the World Bank were looking at the issue.

"We can't have a repeat of what happened in 2009, the H1N1 vaccine, when there was not enough supply for developing countries or when supply did come it came much later," he said. Another important question was how well a vaccine would work in people most at risk from COVID-19, Berkley said. "How well do they work in the elderly, are they single or multiple dose etc?" he said, noting that older people had weaker immune systems.

(With agency inputs)