US President Donald Trump's effort to regulate social media companies' content decisions may face an uphill battle from regulators who have previously said they cannot oversee the conduct of internet firms.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) chairman Ajit Pai did not endorse Trump's proposal on Thursday but said in a written statement "this debate is an important one" and added the FCC "will carefully review any petition for rulemaking."
Executive Order Signed on Thursday
In August 2018, Pai said he hoped social media companies would embrace free speech but did not see a role for the FCC to regulate websites like Facebook, Alphabet's Google and Twitter. "They are not going to be regulated in terms of free speech," Pai said at a forum. "The government is not here to regulate these platforms. We don't have the power to do that."
Another Republican on the five-member commission, Mike O'Rielly, expressed mixed feelings. "As a conservative, I'm troubled voices are stifled by liberal tech leaders. At the same time, I'm extremely dedicated to the First Amendment which governs much here," O'Rielly wrote on Twitter.
Trump signed an executive order Thursday directing the Commerce Department's National Telecommunications and Information Administration to petition the FCC to write rules clarifying social media companies' legal protections under Section 230 of the 1996 Communications Decency Act.
Timing A Barrier
Former FCC Commissioner Robert McDowell, a Republican, wrote on Twitter that the review is "based on political #speech management of platforms. So many wobbly parts to this govt 'nudge.' I don't see how it survives."
Another barrier is timing. The FCC will spend at least a few months reviewing and likely seeking public comment before potentially drafting proposed regulations. It could take a year or longer to finalize any rules, long after the November presidential election.
Section 230 protects internet companies from liability for illegal content posted by users and allows them to remove lawful but objectionable posts.
Trump wants the FCC to "expeditiously propose regulations" to determine what constitutes "good faith" by firms in removing some content. He also wants Congress to repeal the Section 230 protections.
A Deterrent To Fighting Misinformation
FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr, a Republican, said he expects the commission will seek public comment on the forthcoming NTIA petition to provide clarity on what "good faith conduct" by companies means and draw a line between permissible and improper behavior.
"When a final decision is reached, my hope and expectation is that it will provide clarity about that line," Carr said. Twitter called Trump's executive order "a reactionary and politicized approach to a landmark law.... Attempts to unilaterally erode it threatens the future of online speech and Internet freedoms."
Alexandra Givens, chief executive of the Center for Democracy & Technology, said the order "not only violates the Constitution, it ignores 20 years of well-established law. The Executive Order is designed to deter social media companies from fighting misinformation, voter suppression, and the stoking of violence on their services."
FCC Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel, a Democrat, suggested turning the FCC "into the president's speech police is not the answer. It's time for Washington to speak up for the First Amendment".