Tesla Presses Biden to Enforce Higher Fuel Economy Penalties on Automakers

Tesla Inc is pressing President Joe Biden's administration and a U.S. appeals court to move quickly to hike civil penalties for automakers failing to meet fuel economy requirements.

Electric vehicle maker Tesla sells credits to other automakers to help them meet government vehicle emissions requirements, and says those credits are less valuable due to changes in rules made by former President Donald Trump's administration. Tesla met virtually on Aug. 30 with officials from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), according to a document filed by the agency last week.

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NHTSA Issues Notice

On Aug. 18, the NHTSA issued a notice saying it could impose higher penalties for prior model years for automakers failing to meet fuel efficiency requirements but will first consider public comments.

Automakers have warned that hiking penalties could cost them at least $1 billion annually, both for failing to meet the rules and higher prices for credits used to meet the rules.

The Trump administration in its final days in January delayed a 2016 regulation that more than doubled penalties for automakers failing to meet Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) requirements.

The government memo said Tesla suggested NHTSA withdraw Trump's action immediately, saying it "produces continuing uncertainty in investments and transactions across the industry, and any delays will continue to have deleterious effects on the credit market until the issue is resolved." It added Tesla believes "any delays will continue to have deleterious effects on the credit market."

Court Rejects Tesla's Request

Tesla on Aug. 27 separately again asked the Second Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals to quickly reinstate higher penalties. The court rejected Tesla's request in April for immediate action pending NHTSA's review.

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"The uncertainty perpetuated by NHTSA's sluggish rulemaking pace is thus compounded by the likelihood of yet another round of litigation," Tesla wrote, warning uncertainty "may linger for several more years."

A group representing major automakers including General Motors, Toyota Motor, Ford Motor and Volkswagen, asked the court to reject Tesla's request. "That Tesla might benefit from more certainty about the worth of the CAFE credits that it has amassed is hardly a reason to cut off an ongoing administrative process," the group wrote in a court filing.

Trump Move

Under former President Barack Obama, higher penalties were to start in 2019 model year, but Trump set the effective date as the 2022 model year. NHTSA is considering reinstating the Obama rule.

Those prior year CAFE penalties, which have still not been assessed, could cost Chrysler parent Stellantis hundreds of millions of dollars, while boosting the value of credits sold by Tesla.

Stellantis said in August costs related to potential higher CAFE penalties could be about 521 million euros ($609 million). Fiat Chrysler paid nearly $150 million for failing to meet 2016 and 2017 requirements.