Abdalla Hamdok, Prime Minister of Sudan, on Monday survived an attempt made on his life in the capital city of Khartoum. The nature of the explosive device used for the attempt and the individuals behind the attack are yet to be identified.
According to the report by the state TV, Hamdok was on his way to the Cabinet's offices when the assassination attempt was made. He is said to have been taken to a "safe place" following the attack.
Transition to civil rule fragile
The attack highlighted the fragility of Sudan's transition to civilian rule, almost a year after pro-democracy protesters forced the military to remove autocratic President Omar al-Bashir from power and replace him with a joint military-civilian government, ABC news reported. However, military generals remain the de facto rulers of the country and have shown little willingness to hand over power to civilians.
Footage posted online showed two white, Japanese-made SUVs vehicles used by Sudan's top officials parked on a street, damaged with widows broken. Another vehicle was badly damaged in the blast. Several dozen people were seen in the site of the attack, chanting: "With our blood and soul, we redeem you, Hamdok."
Negotiations led to power-sharing deal
The protest movement that led the uprising against al-Bashir called the blast a "terrorist attack." The statement by the Forces for the Declaration of Freedom and Change called on people to take to the streets to "show our unity and cohesion ... and protect the transitional authority."
After months of negotiations, the military and the pro-democracy movement reached a power-sharing deal in August, at which point Hamdok took office. The deal established a joint military-civilian, 11-member sovereign council to govern Sudan for the next three years. Prominent activist Khalid Omar, secretary-general of the Sudanese Congress Party, said the attempt on Hamdok's life was a "new chapter in the conspiracy against the Sudanese revolution."
Monday's blast came less than two months after an armed revolt from within Sudan's security forces shut down the capital's airport and left at least two people dead. The tense stand-off between the armed forces and rogue intelligence officers paralyzed street life in several parts of Khartoum, along with another western city.
Al-Bashir rose to power after a coup
In 1989, al-Bashir came to power in an Islamist-backed military coup and imposed a strict interpretation of religion on its citizens, limiting personal freedoms. The country was an international pariah for its support of extreme Islamists.
Sudan's transitional authorities announced in February that they agreed to hand over al-Bashir to the International Criminal Court along with other former officials wanted by the ICC. Hamdok has confirmed the government will cooperate with the court's efforts to prosecute those wanted for war crimes and genocide in connection with the Darfur conflict in Sudan in the 2000s.
Transitional government under pressure
Sudan's transitional government has also been under pressure to end wars with rebel groups as it seeks to rehabilitate the country's battered economy, attract much-needed foreign aid and deliver the democracy it promises.
Nearly a year after al-Bashir's ouster, the country faces a dire economic crisis. Inflation stands at a staggering 60 percent and the unemployment rate was 22.1 percent in 2019, according to the International Monetary Fund. The government has said that 30 percent of Sudan's young people, who make up more than half of the over 42 million population, are without jobs.
(With inputs from agencies)