A Russian court convicted former US marine Paul Whelan of spying for the United States on Monday and sentenced him to 16 years in jail, a move the US ambassador to Moscow called a violation of human rights that would damage ties.

Whelan, who holds US, British, Canadian and Irish passports, was detained by agents from Russia's Federal Security Service in a Moscow hotel room on December 28, 2018 as he prepared to attend a wedding.

Claims To Be Set Up In A Sting Operation

Russia says Whelan, 50, was caught with a computer flash drive containing classified information. Whelan, who pleaded not guilty, said he was set up in a sting operation and had thought the drive, given to him by a Russian acquaintance, contained holiday photos.

"This is all political theatre," said Whelan, who watched proceedings from a glass box inside the Moscow city courtroom. He told the judge he had not understood the verdict as proceedings were conducted in Russian without translation.

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Whelan had held up a piece of paper on which he denounced the proceedings as a "sham trial" and asked for US President Donald Trump and the leaders of Britain, Canada and Ireland to take "decisive action."

Appeal Against The Verdict

Whelan's lawyer, Vladimir Zherebenkov, said an appeal would be made against the verdict and, questioning the court's independence, Whelan's family said in a statement "Russian judges are political not legal entities". John Sullivan, US Ambassador to Russia, told reporters that no evidence had been produced to prove Whelan's guilt and demanded his immediate release.

"He was denied the opportunity to present witnesses in his defence, he was denied the opportunity to work cooperatively with his defence counsel. So this is a mockery of justice, at least by American standards," Sullivan said.

He said the ruling would not have "a good impact" on ties between Moscow and Washington - already strained by a range of issues - but that dialogue would continue.

Prisoner Swap?

Zherebenkov said Whelan was told when he was detained that he would be part of a prisoner swap with the United States and that he believed this was what Moscow now wanted to do. The Russian Foreign Ministry told the Russian news agency RIA it had proposed detailed prisoner swaps to Washington many times but gave no further details.

Moscow has called for the release of two Russian nationals jailed in the United States - convicted arms dealer Viktor Bout and Konstantin Yaroshenko, who was convicted of conspiracy to smuggle cocaine.

Zherebenkov said he believed Moscow wanted to do a deal involving Bout and Yaroshenko. Whelan did not oppose the idea of formally asking Russia to pardon him, Zherebenkov said, but wanted to appeal against the verdict first. Whelan will serve his sentence in a maximum-security prison, the court said. State prosecutors had sought an 18-year term.