New research on fake news analyses the surge in fake news on social media

The new study by a group in the United States has analyzed the surge of fake news in the social media in recent times

New research suggests that there has been a rise in the fake news going around in the world that there will be a price to pay when the people get the news and other political information from the same place where they get memes and cat pictures.

The viewers would be less likely to check the sources of the content, says the team from Ohio State University. The study also stated that the information with entertainment on social media site would not lead the consumers to check the sources as they view it. This would mean that the viewers would easily mistake satire for real news.

"The findings show the dangers of people getting their news from social media sites like Facebook or Twitter," said study author George Pearson, a senior lecturer and research associate in communication at Ohio State University.

"We are drawn to these social media sites because they are one-stop shops for media content, updates from friends and family, and memes or cat pictures," Pearson added.

Fake news

Separation into categories of news

People who viewed content that was clearly separated into categories - such as current affairs and entertainment - didn't have the same issues evaluating the source and credibility of content they read.

"Jumbling of content makes everything seem the same to us. It makes it harder for us to distinguish what we need to take seriously from that which is only entertainment," said Pearson in the study published in the journal New Media & Society. For the study, Pearson created a fictional social media site called "Link Me."

The 370 participants saw four web pages with either two or four posts each. Each post consisted of a headline and short paragraph summarizing the story, as well as information on the source of the post. The sources were designed to be either high or low credibility, based on their name and description. All posts were based on real articles or public social media posts taken from Reddit or Tumblr.

The results showed that when the content was not grouped by distinct topics - in other words, news posts appeared on the same page with entertainment posts - participants reported paying less attention to the source of the content.

"They were less likely to verify source information to ensure that it was a credible source," said Pearson. That may be one reason why satirical and other types of fake news get shared by people who evidently think it is real.

One solution would be for social media companies to develop tools to distinguish the content. But until that happens, it is up to users to pay more attention to where their news is coming from - as difficult as that may be.

Related topics : Fake news Facebook