Elite, Next-Gen Fighter Jet Project by UK, Italy and Japan to Take Off; Saudi Arabia Not to be a Partner

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Japan, Britain and Italy plan to choose Britain as the headquarters for their next-generation fighter program, four sources in Japan said, putting London at the forefront of a partnership that could expand to include other nations.

The three countries established the Global Combat Air Programme (GCAP) in December after Britain and Japan agreed to merge their fighter efforts in a ground-breaking collaboration that aims to deploy an advanced aircraft by the middle of the next decade.

Japan and Britain will dominate design and manufacturing on the project, with London's deeper and more recent experience in jet fighter development likely to give it a leading role in organising the program, said three of the sources, who have knowledge of internal discussions.

Fighter Jet

"The headquarters will be in Britain, but for the sake of balance, someone from Japan could head it," said one of the sources, all of whom asked not to be identified because of the sensitivity of the issue.

"Discussion about the headquarters is ongoing and we are unable to comment on the location," Japan's defence procurement agency said in an email. A development framework for the fighter would be established in the next fiscal year, it added.

"No final decisions have been made on the locations and we will not comment on speculation," a spokesperson at Britain's defence ministry said.

Officials at the Italian defence ministry were unavailable for comment.

Reuters in March reported that Italy was set to pay for about a fifth of the overall development cost, which the country's government dismissed as "speculative".

Fighter Jet


On Friday, the head of Italian defence and aerospace group Leonardo (LDOF.MI) said Saudi Arabia would not be a core partner in the project, after the Financial Times last month said it was pushing to join.

GCAP could welcome the country in a more limited role because it would bring money and a lucrative market to a project expected to cost tens of billions of dollars, the three sources said.

One of its neighbours in the Middle East, The United Arab Emirates, has also shown interest, they added.

There had been conversations on possibilities with Saudi Arabia, but no decision beyond that, Richard Berthon, director of Future Combat Air at Britain's Ministry of Defence, said at London's DSEI arms show last week.

"It was made clear in London that it could possibly come in at a later date," an Italian defence ministry source said, declining to be identified because they are not authorised to speak to the media.

Britain's lead company in GCAP is BAE Systems PLC (BAES.L), with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (7011.T) representing Japan.

European missile maker MBDA will also join the project, along with avionics manufacturer Mitsubishi Electric Corp (6503.T). Britain's Rolls-Royce PLC (RROYC.UL), Japan's IHI Corp (7013.T) and Italy's Avio Aero will work on the engine.

This article was first published on September 21, 2023