Covid-19 Pandemic Results in Steep Plunge in Life Expectancy; American Men Most Hit

The COVID-19 pandemic has cut life expectancy across the world, according to the latest study. A survey showed that life expectancy fell in 2020 by the largest amount since World War Two, Reuters reported.

According to a study published on Monday by Oxford University, the life expectancy of American men dropped by more than two years.

Life expectancy fell by more than six months compared with 2019 in 22 of the 29 countries analysed in the study. The study covered Europe, the United States and Chile. There were reductions in life expectancy in 27 of the 29 countries overall.

The report comes a week after it was reported that the Covid-19 death toll in the US exceeded 663,000, meaning that roughly 1 in every 500 Americans succumbed to the disease since the onset of the pandemic early last year.

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According to the latest study, most life expectancy reductions across different countries could be linked to official COVID-19 deaths. There have been nearly 5 million reported deaths caused by the new coronavirus so far, a Reuters tally shows.

"The fact that our results highlight such a large impact that is directly attributable to COVID-19 shows how devastating a shock it has been for many countries," said Dr Ridhi Kashyap, co-lead author of the paper, published in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

The Largest Decline Noted Among American Men

There were greater drops in life expectancy for men than women in most countries, with the largest decline in American men, who saw life expectancy drop by 2.2 years relative to 2019.

Overall, men had more than a year shaved off in 15 countries, compared to women in 11 countries. That wiped out the progress on mortality that had been made in the previous 5.6 years.

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In the United States, the rise in mortality was mainly among those of working age and those under 60, while in Europe, deaths among people aged over 60 contributed more significantly to the increase in mortality.

Kashyap appealed to more countries, including low- and middle-income nations, to make mortality data available for further studies.

"We urgently call for the publication and availability of more disaggregated data to better understand the impacts of the pandemic globally," she said.

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