A security expert explained the actual status of China and its space program. He made the clarification to address the growing concerns about the country's increasing presence in space and the possibility of establishing a Moon outpost for military purposes.

In the past year, China has focused on its robotic missions to the Moon. The country's space agency also expressed its plans of establishing an outpost on the lunar surface.

Yutu-2 Rover
Rock fragments, including one specimen (circled) targeted for analysis, discovered by the Yutu-2 rover. CNSA/CLEP/Our Space

China's Increasing Presence In Space

China's latest mission on the Moon was kicked off by the success of the Chang'e-4 expedition, which sent a robotic rover to the lunar surface in January last year. Since then, the country's space agency has been busy working on new missions that will help increase its presence on the Moon.

For some officials in the US, China's ongoing activities on the Moon should be regarded as a threat to national and space security. During the previous State of Space Conference held in February, Colorado Representative Doug Lamborn shared his sentiments regarding China's lunar program.

Militarization Of The Moon

According to Lamborn, if China establishes a permanent presence on the Moon, the country could use it for its military activities, such as using it to spy on satellites and to limit the activities of the US on the lunar surface.

"They very much have military thoughts in mind when it comes to what they can do with a military presence on the moon, and the ability to see things and track things with the unchanging platforms that no one really has right now," he said during the conference.

Future moon base
Future moon base ESA

Current Status Of China's Space Program

However, for research fellow Dean Cheng of the Asian Studies at the Heritage Foundation, the status of China's current space program is not yet enough to provide the country with a dominating presence on the Moon. Currently, China is focused on sending robotic probes and rovers to space as it is not yet ready to launch humans to the Moon.

According to Cheng, it would take a long time before China gets to establish an outpost operated by humans on the lunar surface. NASA's plan to return astronauts to the Moon in 2024 will most likely happen first before China sends its own human expedition.

For Cheng, China is still far from establishing an imposing military presence in space or on the Moon. "You get lots of speculation about how, where, what, and when, but as far as I know, we have never seen a Chinese official statement that they are going to the Moon [with humans]," he told Space.com.